Veterinary or Veterinary Medicine is prevention and treatment of animal diseases and are the science dedicated to the study,.
Like medicine, veterinary medicine is a broad career, with a field of action that ranges from monitoring the health of pets to controlling diseases in populations of large wild animals.
In addition to controlling the health of animals, the veterinary medicine professional can act in the quality control of industrial products and in research in the area of zoonoses.
Following the diversity of its performance, the veterinarian can choose between different work environments, such as:
Veterinary clinics for pets
Animal food industries.
Zoonosis control centers Zoological
inspection bodies Research institutes Universities Where to study Veterinary
There are, about 200 public and private institutions recognized by MEC that offer the Veterinary Medicine course. See some of the main ones:
Anhanguera Educational Center (Anhanguera)
Cruzeiro do Sul University (UNICSUL)
Estácio de Sá University (UNESA)
University (UNOPAR) Paulista University (UNIP)
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Federal University of Lavras (UFLA)
Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT)
Federal University of Paraná (UFPR)
The Veterinary Medicine Course
The Veterinary Medicine course has a bachelor’s degree and lasts about five years. It is an undergraduate course that requires full-time study and combines theoretical subjects with practical classes.
To graduate, the Veterinary student must take a supervised internship and some colleges also require the presentation of a Course Conclusion Paper (TCC).
Basic Grade of the Veterinary Medicine Course
Animal Anatomy Animal
Basic Veterinary Surgery Basic
Biology Veterinary Career Specializations
The veterinarian can opt for the following specializations:
Clinical Veterinary Medicine: The clinical veterinarian ( veterinaire garde ) works in pet clinics, attending clients, examining pets and also performing minor surgeries if necessary.
Industrial Veterinary: Veterinary medicine specialization in which the professional accompanies the manufacture of products of animal origin and also products for animals, such as dog and cat food.
Environmental Veterinary Medicine: The environmental veterinarian studies wild animals in their natural environment. It takes care of the health of species by identifying diseases and contributing to the preservation of animals. You can also take care of the rehabilitation of captive animals that have been returned to the wild.
Control and Technology for Animal Populations: The professional works in the development of better techniques for the creation and nutrition of herds. It can also act in genetic improvement and reproduction.
Find out about the labor market of the disputed Veterinary Medicine career and know its undergraduate courses
The veterinarian provides clinical and surgical assistance to domestic and wild animals . He takes care of the health, feeding and reproduction of herds, and inspects the production of food of animal origin. In this case, it verifies compliance with hygiene standards in industries, in order to prevent the transmission of diseases to humans.
In the food industry , it controls production technologies. In any industry that uses raw materials of animal origin, the presence of the graduate is indispensable to control this raw material. It can also act in the area of sales of food, medicine, vaccines and other articles for animals.
What can you do
Small animal clinic and surgery : provide clinical and surgical care to domestic animals.
Research centers : act in the research and development of biotechnologies aimed at the animal sector.
Animal products industry : accompany the production and marketing of food, feed, vitamins, vaccines and medicines. Take care of product marketing and provide technical assistance to the customer.
Animal products industry : inspect establishments that produce, sell or export products of animal origin.
Conservation of species : study wild animals in captivity or in their habitat, taking care of their reproduction and preservation. Implement ecological projects and in nature reserves.
Technical expertise : assess the health of animals in sports competitions and their possible intake of prohibited drugs and hormones.
Production and animal health : control the health of herds. Prevent and control diseases in rural properties.
Veterinary public health : prevent and control zoonoses and vector-borne diseases. Acting in epidemiological, sanitary and environmental surveillance.
Animal production technology : develop techniques and methods for genetic improvement, feeding and reproduction.
The sector had a turnover close to R $ 18 billion in 2016. In large cities, there is an abundance of veterinary clinics and pet stores , which results in good demand by the professional. But competition is high .
Professionals who want to have their own business need to be creative and offer new products and services to attract customers, such as selling light foods, cosmetic care, state-of-the-art clinical treatments, advanced equipment for imaging diagnostics, health plans, physiotherapy, training and differentiated hosting.
The agribusiness is further heated area . In it, the graduate works in partnership with agronomists and zootechnicians to improve the health conditions of herds. The animal products industry lacks veterinarians to adapt production conditions to export standards. Companies that produce fish in captivity suffer from a lack of bachelor’s degrees. There are still good chances in the pharmaceutical and veterinary products industry .
In the first two years, the student has disciplines in the areas of Biological , Exact and Applied Social Sciences , such as anatomy, microbiology, genetics, nutrition and animal production, mathematics and statistics, in addition to bioethics.
Then he begins to study diseases and clinical and surgical techniques . Practical activities , which are carried out in the laboratory, continue to gain space in the curriculum of most Veterinary Medicine courses. In the last year of graduation, it is mandatory to do an internship and a course conclusion work .
Average duration: 5 years.
The main areas of Veterinary Medicine
A degree in veterinary medicine is very broad and therefore has several possibilities of careers for those who choose to join. We prepared today’s post with some of the main aspects of this graduation , for you who have interest or curiosity in the area. Check out:
Veterinary clinic and surgical
It is one of the most followed careers in veterinary medicine. In it, the professional is available to provide care to domestic animals in clinics or hospitals. Due to the great demand for these services, the specialization of these professionals has been shown to be increasingly necessary, through courses such as master’s and doctoral degrees, which guarantee even more ownership in different specialties such as: orthopedics, animal nutrition, dermatology, among others.
Agribusiness and animal production
Leaving the urban centers a little, in the area of agribusiness and animal production, the veterinarian can perform various functions and activities. Among them, the strong participation in the production of foods that have animal origin such as meat, eggs and milk stands out, just to name a few. He is responsible for assisting in the quality of these products and also part of the production advisory.
In this career, it is also possible that the professional is present in the care of animals from the herd, helping in the health of each one, in their nutrition and preventing the appearance of diseases.
Surveillance and inspection
In addition to working closely with cattle, the veterinarian can act in the inspection and surveillance of establishments such as supermarkets, slaughterhouses and even industries with food of animal origin, doing the inspection and also the inspection work in their premises.
Expertise in Veterinary Medicine
In environments that are known for organizing competitions or contests with animals, the presence of a specialized veterinarian is essential. In the area of expertise, he is responsible for assessing each of the participants, identifying whether their health is really good or if they have ingested prohibited substances at the site.
Similar to the previous career, in sports veterinarians the professional works directly with animals that participate in competitions. The difference is that in this specific area, he is responsible for caring for and treating problems or injuries that may appear in them over time.
Public health in veterinary medicine
In the public health career, the professional works to ensure the prevention and control of zoonoses, which are diseases that come from animals that can infect humans. He can work in laboratories or even in the public sector, through competitions.
Research and Development
In his research and development career, the veterinarian will work on the study of different species of animals, to take care of aspects such as reproduction, cloning, genetic improvement, feeding, transgenics, among others. In order to start working in this area, it is necessary to start working at the university, directing studies to this sector.
Veterinary Medicine and Teaching
In addition to all these fields, teaching also stands out as one of the main ones for those who choose to do Veterinary Medicine. In the area, the professional can act as a university professor in private or public institutions, in addition to giving lectures and consulting. If that is your intention, do not forget to dedicate yourself to courses that go beyond graduation as: specializations, masters and doctorates in the area.
How much does a Veterinarian earn?
Find out the veterinarian’s starting salary and how much that professional can earn. See also good colleges to pursue this career!
The veterinary medicine is the “art of healing of animals” and is also the medical science dedicated to prevent, control, eradicate and treat diseases that affect animals, promote their health and control products and by-products of animal origin for human consumption. Quality control of animal foods, from slaughter to manufacturing and storage processes, is also an activity related to veterinary medicine.
The veterinarian is a higher education professional who, in order to practice the profession, must complete a degree in Veterinary Medicine recognized by the MEC and obtain registration with the Regional Council of Veterinary Medicine of the state where he works.
Having your own clinic or practice, dedicating yourself to scientific research or teaching at universities, working in the food industry, in the development of medicines or in public health are some of the possible areas of practice for the veterinarian.
Veterinarian’s Minimum Professional Salary
According to Law 4,950-A / 66, of 1966, which regulates the remuneration of professionals graduated in Engineering, Chemistry, Architecture, Agronomy and Veterinary , the salary table of the veterinary medicine professional is linked to the value of the current minimum wage and the working day professional’s daily work, regardless of their place of work.
- 6-hour day: 6 minimum wages
- 7-hour day: 7.25 minimum wages
- 8-hour day: 8.5 minimum wages
Some unions publish reference values for activities carried out by veterinarians. According to the Union of Veterinary Doctors of the State of São Paulo, the technical responsibility service must cost at least 6 minimum wages , regardless of the hours dedicated. It also defines that veterinarians who fulfill any workload of less than 180 hours per month must receive at least 6 minimum monthly wages.
The Regional Council of Veterinary Medicine of Santa Catarina defines the workloads for the work of the veterinarian and the values for the activity of technical manager :
- Veterinary Office: 10 hours a week
- Veterinary Clinic: 40 hours per week
- Veterinary Hospital / Zoo: 50 hours a week (exclusive dedication)
- Weekly hours limit: 50
- Distance limit: 60 Km
- For 3 and 4 hours a week, 1 minimum wage
- For 16 hours a week, 4 minimum wages
- For 50 hours a week, 12.5 minimum wages
Average veterinary salary
According to the salary survey of the job site Catho, the national average salary of veterinarians is below the category floor :
- Veterinarian: 2,488
- Veterinary internship: R $ 714
At the National Job Site (Sine), the salary survey points an average of R $ 1,800 to R $ 7,700, depending on the veterinarian’s experience and the size of the contracting company.
About the career of Veterinary Medicine
The profession of veterinary doctor was regulated by Law 5.517, of 1968, and to exercise it it is necessary to have a higher education diploma recognized by MEC, with an average duration of five years, and registration with the Regional Council of Veterinary Medicine of the state where the professional works.
The veterinarian can work as a self-employed person, as an employee of private organizations or as a public employee with a public contract. Among its areas of expertise, we can mention:
- Pet clinic
- Treatment of large animals (cattle, horses, etc.) on farms, rural properties or clinics
- Genetic enhancement
- Treatment of wild and exotic animals
- Development and production of medicines and other products for animal use
- Scientific research (biotechnology, genetics, etc.)
- Veterinary analysis and diagnostic laboratories
- Agro-industries and animal food industries
- Trade in medicines and food for veterinary use
- Food safety and inspection
- Defense and health inspection
- Public health
The market for veterinarians is broad and expanding. According to the Federal Council of Veterinary Medicine, this professional has more than 50 areas of expertise.
The sector of veterinary clinics for small domestic animals (pets) offers good employability, although the initial remuneration is often below the floor.
Regarding remuneration, the best opportunities are in the public service, in bodies such as:
- National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa)
- Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA)
- Municipal, state and federal public agencies